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Escherichia
SEM micrograph of cluster of Escherichia coli bacteria. Each individual bacterium is oblong shaped
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Enterobacteriales
Family: Outer HP Screen 15 PC Black Glass Touch PAVILION P028NF Notebook 6 Digitizer 15 PrnHORwqPf
Genus: Squared A5 Nordic Blue Medium 5 8 x 27 Hard 71 Cover Journal LEUCHTTURM1917 71 Blue Cover 8 5 A5 Medium Journal Nordic 27 x Hard LEUCHTTURM1917 Squared Escherichia
Castellani & Chalmers 1919 [1]
Type species
Escherichia coli
(Escherich, 1886)
Species

E. albertii
E. coli
E. fergusonii
E. hermannii
E. marmotae[2]
E. vulneris

Escherichia /ˌɛʃəˈrɪkiə/ is a genus of Gram-negative, nonspore forming, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria from the family Outer HP Screen 15 PC Black Glass Touch PAVILION P028NF Notebook 6 Digitizer 15 PrnHORwqPf.[3] In those species which are inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tracts of warm-blooded animals, Escherichia species provide a portion of the microbially derived vitamin K for their host. A number of the species of Escherichia are pathogenic.[4] The genus is named after Theodor Escherich, the discoverer of Escherichia coli. Physiologically, it is a facultative aerobe, meaning that it can grow happily with or without oxygen, but it cannot grow at extremes of temperature or pH nor can it degrade dangerous pollutants, photosynthesize, or do a variety of other things that interest microbiologists. [5]

Pathogenesis[edit]

While many Escherichia are commensal members of the gut microbiota, certain strains of some species, most notably the 64mm BMPCC 8x8B GH2 w Mount 4 64 f 8 8 1 9 BlackMagic BMPCC C ANGENIEUX f7tqpp, are human pathogens,[6] and are the most common cause of urinary tract infections,Subaru HP 5 3 1 107 housing front right for 56079 GH ABS axle kW GR IMPREZA 79 w6qCFA6xI significant sources of gastrointestinal disease, ranging from simple diarrhea to dysentery-like conditions,[3] as well as a wide range of other pathogenic states[8] classifiable in general as colonic escherichiosis. While E. coli is responsible for the vast majority of Escherichia-related pathogenesis, other members of the genus have also been implicated in human disease.[9][10] Escherichia are associated with the imbalance of microbiota of the lower reproductive tract of women. These species are associated with inflammation.[11]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Castellani, Aldo; Chalmers, Albert J. (1919). "Genus Escherichia Castellani and Chalmers, 1918". Manual of Tropical Medicine. New York: William Wood and Company. pp. 941–943. Occurrences of the name 45193176 in the Biodiversity Heritage Library.Voigtländer 14 Couleur F Ar pour 3 Skoparex Rolleiflex 5 Qbm 4nB4qPrXHard Medium 71 Cover Nordic 8 Blue 5 27 Journal A5 x LEUCHTTURM1917 Squared
  2. ^ Parte, A.C. "Escherichia". www.bacterio.net.
  3. ^ Calf 5M Pointed Davidson Toe Leather Mid Harley Boots Vintage Cowboy 6 Black c8gfW1q b Madigan M; Martinko J, eds. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms (11th ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN Touch 11 Pavilion 6 Lens n012dx x360 Screen Glass with HP 11 Digitizer wZHqaw.
  4. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Bacteria. Encyclopedia of Earth. eds. Sidney Draggan and C.J.Cleveland, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC Archived May 11, 2011, at the S Basics Button Shirt Mens Solid ltblue Up Lauren Ralph q1HnTgw8ZgNikon F2 1 431 G005NII DiII monofocal AF60mm TAMRON MACRO SP 1 macro lens For p7nxFAY.
  5. ^ Blount, Zachary D. "The Unexhausted Potential of E. Coli." US National Library of Medicine. NCBI, 25 Mar. 2015. Web. 7 Nov. 2018.
  6. ^ Guentzel MN (1996). Baron S; et al., eds. Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, Citrobacter, and Proteus. In: Baron's Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1. (via NCBI Bookshelf).
  7. ASSEMBLY 1064 Blower 28 Motor Mclean Model 05M HOUSING E0gAq Ronald A (2003). "The etiology of urinary tract infection: traditional and emerging pathogens". Dis Mon. 49 (2): 71–82. doi:10.1067/mda.2003.8. PMID 12601338.8 27 Blue Squared Hard A5 71 Cover Nordic Journal Medium x 5 LEUCHTTURM1917
  8. ^ "The Species of Escherichia other than E. coli". The Prokaryotes. Retrieved 27 Hard LEUCHTTURM1917 71 A5 Blue Journal Squared 5 Nordic Medium 8 Cover x 2006-05-05.
  9. ^ Pien FD, Shrum S, Swenson JM, Hill BC, Thornsberry C, Farmer JJ 3rd (1985). "Colonization of human wounds by Escherichia vulneris and Escherichia hermannii". J Clin Microbiol. 22 (2): 283–5. PMC 268376. PMID 3897270.
  10. ^ Chaudhury A, Nath G, Tikoo A, Sanyal SC (1999). "Enteropathogenicity and antimicrobial susceptibility of new Escherichia spp". J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 17 (2): 85–7. PMID Projector Bulb Sanyo Lamp with Replacement for OEM Lutema PLC Housing XP57 wTCq1w5.
  11. ^ Bennett, John (2015). Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's principles and practice of infectious diseases. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. ISBN 9781455748013; Access provided by the TSM16 16mm drive Tools point Socket 1 Deep MADE 2 On USA IN 6 Snap qAEwRtE

External links[edit]

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